How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number.
The FICO score is compiled by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans etcetera.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors in calculating a credit score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for just a short time?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe on them?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted a little bit differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The result is a single number: your credit score. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most people getting a mortgage these days score 620 or above.
Your FICO score greatly affects your monthly payment
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your credit score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
Before you can improve your FICO score, you must know your score and ensure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three agencies. They also provide information and online tools that help you understand how to improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from the three major agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Call us at 5626935048.