How's your FICO Score?
Since our world is so automated, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, sliced, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
All three major credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to calculate a score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- Late Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
Is there any way to improve your FICO score? Because the score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it's difficult to change it quickly. You must, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
How do I find out my credit score?
To improve your credit score, you must have the credit reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the first FICO score, sells FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us at (562) 693-5048.