How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an automated society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history to create a FICO score.
All three major credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary from one agency to another, each agency uses the following to determine your score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
Your score greatly affects your monthly payment
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my FICO score?
Is it possible to improve your FICO score? Since the credit score is entirely based on your lifelong credit history, it's hard to make a significant improvement in the score with quick fixes. (Of course you must have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
How do I find out my FICO score?
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to obtain your score and ensure that the reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the original FICO credit score, offers FICO scores on myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and online tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and very inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call at (562) 693-5048.