Before lenders decide to give you a loan, they want to know that you're willing and able to repay that loan. To understand whether you can repay, they look at your income and debt ratio. To assess how willing you are to repay, they use your credit score.
The most widely used credit scores are FICO scores, which were developed by Fair Isaac & Company, Inc. Your FICO score ranges from 350 (very high risk) to 850 (low risk). For details on FICO, read more here.
Credit scores only assess the information in your credit profile. They do not consider your income, savings, down payment amount, or factors like gender, ethnicity, nationality or marital status. These scores were invented specifically for this reason. "Profiling" was as dirty a word when FICO scores were first invented as it is in the present day. Credit scoring was envisioned as a way to assess willingness to repay the loan while specifically excluding other demographic factors.
Deliquencies, payment behavior, current debt level, length of credit history, types of credit and number of inquiries are all calculated into credit scoring. Your score results from positive and negative items in your credit report. Late payments will lower your credit score, but establishing or reestablishing a good track record of making payments on time will improve your score.
To get a credit score, borrowers must have an active credit account with at least six months of payment history. This payment history ensures that there is sufficient information in your report to assign a score. Some borrowers don't have a long enough credit history to get a credit score. They may need to build up a credit history before they apply.
Nationwide Home Loans can answer your questions about credit reporting. Call us at (562) 693-5048.